Plato’s Apology

Plato’s birth, which the Greeks themselves called “divine” for wisdom he performed throughout his life was covered with legends. However, the biographies of almost every ancient Greek philosopher of the early time are necessarily associated with amazing tales that should testify the election and the exclusivity of the sage. Plato did not actuaaclly become a poet or a playwright or a speaker. He became a great philosopher, whose works, however, were of different poetic style, dramatic situations and persuasive oratory skills. Plato is a philosopher and a subtle stylist at the same time. He did not cross the line, on which, for instance, Aristotle permanently stepped excluding the emotional atmosphere of the art language of scientific and philosophical writings of Plato’s authorship. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyze one of the Plato’s masterpieces, named Apology. 

Plato’s Apology Analysis

Plato is the philosopher of the so-called high classics (the end of the 5th – 4th centuries BC).  The world he represented in his work, Apology, is not a corporeal space, which is devoid of individuality. The author states that this kind of individuality is not represented by the individual material things that fill the universe. In his Apology, Plato decided to combine the general and the particular, the cosmic and human, physical and spiritual. However, despite the physical representation of the world of ‘ideas,’ Plato still remains an idealist like objective idealist. His ideas are governed by the universe, primary. They define the life of the material world. The model, on which the whole multiplicity of things is built, is formed of shapeless, dark, fluid, infinite matter.

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In his Apology, material existence is a reflection of Plato. Certainly,, it is distorted enough, but always contains great ideas. However, this material existence which we – as humans – need to love and appreciate. In the depths of his Apology,  the beauty and the work of man to conjure up this beauty lies. 

Plato states that when a person is be able to feel and understand, i.e., ‘to see the mind,’ this, as his Apology states, is a beautiful single thing, and if a person understands it, this is a great talent.. Penetrating the essence of fine material body, a person understands his great idea, that is a beautiful. It means that moving to the wonderful beauty, a person  can gradually rise to the general concept of beauty, and, therefore, the concept of the common good, which is embodied in the love of the world of great ideas and beautiful material bodies. Platonic idealism which is regarded in Apology, is called objective, it recognizes the existence of very real, independent of human consciousness that is the objective of an ideal existence. Plato, despite his objective idealism, still remains an ancient idealist, as he values, above all, the beauty of the living space of the material which appeared as if the imprint of the eternal beauty of the absolute ide. The Platonic idea is purely antique because it cannot become a pure abstraction and always shines for a person living in a tangible and visible reality. Plato’s Apology states that a person should need to be a ‘lover of wisdom,’ that is, a philosopher, a seeker of higher truths, a poet in their heart. This is important in order to experience the beauty of some of the foreign monotonous life, to believe in it and always strive for this beautiful inaccessibility. In this connection, Plat makes an emphasis that “wisdom and truth and the greatest improvement of the soul, which you never regard.”

Plato is not only a philosopher in a strictly scientific and/or theoretical meaning,  however, he used to use the whole apparatus of logical categories and irrefutable aspiration thoughts, but with a kind of delight suddenly plunged into the most intricate fantasy, recalling the ancient myths, designing the new ones. He also fills them with the acute contemporary issues because he wants to return a beautiful poetic dream and makes a reader trustingly follow the ideas and believes.. 

The universe as well as the ethical leadership, according to Plato’s Apology, were created by a wise builder, or even a master in his own image. He is a wise and good father, who  gives much  perfection to the fact that he, being alive,  needs no eyes, no ears, no digestive organs or  legs and arms. To be a universal leader, it is necessary to contemplate and content oneself with the knowledge. Space around people is always young and eternal, for he does not know anything about  running time, and, hence, the old-age. 

Hence,  in the fullness of bliss he has created great master his perfect creation. And people have been conceived by the demiurge in the likeness of the living space. However, the master demiurge remains in the vessel only slightly the previous mixture from which he created space, and the new mixing it lost its purity, so those who populated the universe, were mortal and, therefore, susceptible to both good and evil, as the sublime feelings and grave defects. Hence, this is the sorrowful destiny of mankind. In his Apology, Plato appreciates the inherent strength in humanity, but his dream consisted in doing good and creating beauty, showing at least part of his immortal beginning. Concerning the modern world,  Plato would have seen too many injustices and crimes of public if we regard Apology.    

It is also necessary to note that Plato’s ideas were interpreted unilaterally.  Representatives of Islam, Judaism and Byzantine and Western medieval Christianity and Protestantism existed out of the  Plato’s lifespan, but his own dogmatic metaphysics and were in direct antagonism to Plato’s metaphysics were associated with pagan mythology. Thus, not idealistic mythology, primarily, influenced Plato. He was influenced, for the most part  by the constructive and logical methods of investigation. In addition, such structural and logical methods were needed to support a variety of worldviews he singled out.

Conclusion

Finally, the secret of Plato’s millennial significance lies not in the literal content of his philosophy and morality preached by them and not in the literal direction of his scientific, religious, aesthetic or sociological theories but in his ability to show the correct things. Structurally-logical principles of thought, selfless service to the idea of the sermon, the pathos of world harmony, a fundamental antisystematism and antidogmatism, restless dramatic dialogue and the language are the answer to the mystery of the millennial significance of Plato and especially his work, Apology. 

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