Paper Sheet Production and Recycling

Part 1 Paper Sheet Production

Paper sheet manufacturing is a vital pulp process in the modern industries. According to the survey conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency, on an annual basis, the paper mills generate around 9 million tons of paper and around 26 billion magazines, books, etc. This analysis suggests how important the paper industry is to the current American economy. The current essay discusses human health impacts regarding both the paper production and paper recycling and provides effective ways of reducing such effects to safeguard workers` lives. It also compares the hazards of paper recycling to the hazards of paper sheet manufacturing and correlates the methods of minimizing and preventing dangers both during paper sheet production and paper recycling to provide favorable working environment.

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Human Health Impacts Associated with Paper Sheet Production

The occurrence of injuries is the primary human health impact of paper production. Such accidents can arise from working at log pond process area, and performing paper bales loads and rolls activities. Notably, a study conducted by safety analysts concerning fatalities in paper sheet production reveals that 28 percent of such injuries occurred because of workers being between the moving rolls and machines, and around 18 percent occurred as a result of workers being hit by falling objects, particularly logs and bales. Consequently, the human health may be at risk due to the high possibility of physical injury.

The presence of non-malignant ailments is another significant health impact. The workers involved in paper manufacturing are vulnerable to acute and heart respiratory infections. For instance, the digester may release extremely high contents of chlorine and Sulphur dioxide that are toxic to the human respiratory system and, thereupon, requiring emergency treatments. 

Utilization of insecure equipment exposes the workers’ health to cancer. In fact, the pipes and boilers, which deliver pulp to the digesters during the paper manufacturing process are insulated with asbestos, which is regarded to trigger mesothelioma cancer. Additionally, there are other hazardous materials such as benzidine dyes and formaldehydes used to manufacture the paper and are also considered to be human carcinogens. 

Ways to Minimize and Prevent Human Health Impacts in Paper Sheet Production

The paper plant’s management should adopt durable fittings, asbestos-free pipes, and nickel-free hoses in pulping and recovery activities. Therefore, the management should ensure that a specific pipe is assigned to transport a particular substance to avoid possible chemical contamination, which may be harmful to workers. 

The maintenance and manual workers should always utilize transport machinery that is compatible and relevant for carrying the materials used in papermaking. For example, the washer drum transporter should be utilized only for delivering the washer tank to sustain worker’s safety. Additionally, the engineers should conduct regular maintenance and adjustment of fittings, pipes, and tube to avoid any potential physical injury.

The pulp and paper managing team must guarantee the accessibility of secondary control, use of drip trays and drip restriction measures for tanks, which store hazardous materials at the connection points. With such strategies, the workers will be able to deal with any possible leak of toxic substances such as hydrogen peroxide at the possible overflow points. The workers should also regularly undergo medical training and health tests for safety.

In conclusion, the paper sheet manufacturing is essential to the modern business because it increases global revenue from the massive paper sales. Nonetheless, the operations involved in the creation of sheet may be hazardous to human health. The pulp production activities also may cause workers’ injuries, trigger fatal illness, and environmental degradation. With this, the paper mill’s management should utilize safety equipment, use maintenance procedures, and adopt safety policies to promote safe working places.

Part 2 Paper Recycling

The utilization of recycled paper for the manufacturing of pulp has significantly developed over the last few years. Some paper mills depend entirely on waste paper for the industrial growth. In fact, such pulp is segregated from the original materials at the source before it is gathered for delivery. This approach reveals how essential is the recycling process to the modern paper industry.

Human Health Impacts when Recycling Paper

Paper recycling involves hazardous chemicals that are harmful to human health. The paper re-use process involves removing ink from the paper using chlorine and hydrogen peroxide. The workers highly exposed to such harmful substances are likely to suffer from skin disorders, including thermal burns and skin dermatitis. Such dangerous compounds may also cause eye irritation and extreme headache.

Paper recycling triggers water pollution. When recycling machines remove inks from used paper, the waste affluent is discharged into the water stream. Such water is unsafe for community use and may cause fatal health issues, such as stomach cancer.

Paper recycling triggers solid waste disposal that incorporates small fibers, ink, and fillers that are hazardous to human health. Such waste contains toxic discharge including dioxins and hydrocarbons, which are agents of mesothelioma, cancer of the respiratory system.

The workers are vulnerable to fatal accidents arising from the paper recycling equipment and the load of the containers transporting the pulp. Fatalities can also be caused by the paper bales, machinery rolls and falling materials. 

Ways to Reduce and Prevent Human Health Impacts when Recycling Paper

Since injury risks are prevalent throughout paper recycling operations, necessary safety measures should be deployed around the mobile conveyors, moving parts of industrial machinery, wet walking surfaces and open walkways to control and prevent accidental injuries. For example, guards should be installed next to moving conveyors and on dangerous walkways to avoid fatal accidents. 

Regular alarm monitors should be installed to notify the workers on any possible toxic chemical leakage and direct contamination. Additionally, escape respirators should be given to all the staff to save their health. The machine operators should also undergo emergency response program, and the paper plant must adopt canopy enclosures for releasing toxic gases from the bleaching tower.

The paper recycling management should improve health and safety policy to safeguard staff’s health. For instance, the policy must be amended in a way that creates awareness of protective performance procedures and emergency response information. The policy changes will also allow the board to analyze the trends of similar accidents. 

Comparisons of Paper Recycling Dangers to Paper Production and Safeties

The dangers of paper production trigger respiratory, and heart diseases to the long-term manual workers, while  paper recycling may cause physical injuries, for instance, accidental slips, hearing impairments and skin burns. Furthermore, during the paper manufacturing, for example, working at the log pond process area, there is a high possibility of drowning, which may be lethal to the workers. During paper recycling, water pollution occurs because of metal contamination. Importantly, the paper production operations should deploy safety measures around the transporters and open walkways to control and prevent accidental injuries.  Thus, policy and safety measures play a crucial role because they protect workers’ health in industries. 


In conclusion, paper sheet production triggers respiratory infections, heart problems, and cancers. However, paper recycling hazards lead to physical injuries and environmental pollution. As such, these dangers are harmful to the employees and the environment because they all contribute to health problems. With this, the paper industry should ensure that safety measures are put in place to prevent such accidents from happening and thus, promote safe paper manufacturing and recycling processes.

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