Good governance and democracy are essential in the development of any country. For it to develop efficiently, the country in question must have good governance. However, democracy does not always guarantee development, but good governance does. Good governance can be described as how public affairs are conducted and also the management of public resources by public institutions. Good governance is paramount if development is to benefit all the people in a country. As such, processes and decisions made by a good government should have results that improve the quality of life of the citizens, reduce poverty and also sustain natural resources. This paper shall, therefore, discuss good governance and consequently show that it is an essential ingredient in the quest to develop any country.
Good and effective governance is a policy that makes a big difference when it comes to development. Such a government will thus be more responsive to what the people need, mostly so things like provision of better education, health care, and undertaking of development projects and infrastructural development which will be distributed equitably. Development in infrastructure mostly offers employment opportunities and also business opportunities. For instance, road construction generates job opportunities for the people in the region since the construction company will need skilled and non-skilled labor. These people will also need clothes, food as well as accommodation so business opportunities will arise. Although these opportunities are temporary, they help raise the people’s living standards. Providing quality and affordable education improves the abilities of people, and they are thus able to encounter progress in the society. For instance, when children from low-income families get educated and are able to make higher incomes and have a higher social status that their parents, they will help them as well as their relatives and this will reduce the poverty levels.
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Good governance aims at making sure that the leadership will use its power to improve the quality of life for all citizens. As such, the government will be accountable I all the decisions that it makes. Any projects that the government wants to undertake shall be for the benefit of the people and the money allocated for such will be used appropriately. The people entrusted with implementing the project shall also be responsible. The completion of these projects will also be on schedule and any information on the project will be publicly available. A good government will also perform all their undertakings effectively. The services to be delivered should thus be in agreement with the resources available and also the needs of the people. The revenue collection process will also be corruption free and the revenue collected shall be invested and managed suitably for the benefit of all.
Good governance inspires reforms in policies as well as programs for the realization of sustainable development. As a result, poor and disadvantaged citizens have opportunities to access information and have their rights on natural resources. They thus motivate the government to adopt policies that are more environmentally friendly. These ensure that the resources are not depleted, and the after generations will still have resources to power further development. The environment will also be conducive for the people to live.
Good governance always promotes community confidence. People will always have faith and confidence in their government if it implements all its decisions and projects in a fair and transparent manner. The people will thus feel that the actions of the government are always in their best interest, although opinions may vary across different people. It also keeps the government on its toes since it is always aware that it is acting on behalf of the general public. This, in turn, helps them maintain an open and ethical implementation process, whether it is subject to scrutiny or not. Good governance also encourages the people at the helm of power to be confident of what they are doing. They feel better about the way they conduct business if there is proper and effective governance. The leaders will thus be confident that their views will be considered and also respected even if there are not that popular. They will also be able to provide honest and fearless advice to their superiors on matters concerning the people. Consequently, this will lead to the making of better decisions since they will be based on concrete information and advice. Views of other people are hence considered, and the debate towards the reaching of these decisions will reflect the wishes and interest of the general public. Open decision making process will often result in the compliancy of legal requirements in place. The decisions made will thus not bend the rules in place. The leaders will always be aware that they are accountable for the decisions that they make and will thus ensure that the decisions made are ethical and transparent. Therefore, despite their moral standings, they will always do the right thing.
The elevation of good governance concerns not only the government sector but also the other relevant players in the in the society as well as the private sector. The three should be able to pivot on common goals and balance their interests. These should include aiming at the reduction of poverty and ensuring that every person has access to state services. They should also aim at making the administrative structures efficient and involving so as to generate solutions for the challenges that they face. In the industrial sector, it is evident that investor confidence is accrued to not only corporate profitability but also good governance. Investors are always lining up to invest in companies that show high standards of governance. This can be attested by the fact that countries in the United Arab Emirates. They have good governance and as a result, there is positive economic development in the region. For instance, Dubai has developed to become an economic hub in the world, despite the fact that democracy is not strongly present. However, the governance there is excellent.
It has been noted that the current financial crisis in the world is as a result of the weaknesses in the governance institutions. This is because these institutions create the conditions for the operations of the private sector, the functioning of markets and strength of the citizens and the welfare of the people. Therefore, quality governance is fundamental if these conditions are to be favorable for the particular people. The governance systems thus affect directly the execution of important functions of the government and consequently the realization of economic and social goals.
Good governance is based on the reliability and the predictability of the rule of law. The decisions made by the government and the private firms must, therefore, be within the law and the law should protect these decisions. Reliable governance is free from explicit incentives, which may include corruption or nepotism. Reliable governance will always guarantee the protection of property and personal rights. This will lead to the achievement of social stability, and thus firms and individuals will always be able to make good decisions. Reliability, however, requires the presence of political stability. The government has to convince the private sector of the commitments it has made to ensure that their decisions are not subject to change in the eventuality of political unrest.
There are countries such as Mongolia who have practiced democracy for over two decades yet their development rate is discouraging. Poverty levels in the country have continued to increase over time, raising the question over the necessity of democracy in the development of a nation. On the other hand, Arab countries continue to show high rates of development despite the fact that democracy is not openly practiced there. China which also is not a democratic state has continued to prosper economically as well as nationally and so has Singapore. Therefore, it can be seen that democracy does not in any way by itself guarantee that a country will develop by simply practicing it.
In conclusion, the importance of good governance in development cannot be understated. It ensures the equitable distribution of resources and hence development in all parts of a country. Also, it helps ensure that leaders in office do not misuse their power and are accountable for any decisions that they make. People entrusted with the running of public projects will thus do so in a stipulated manner and with utmost dedication and transparency. Any revenue collected will thus be properly used. Good governance aids reforms in policies. This ensures that all the people are able to enjoy the resources present rather than the advantaged few. A government that exercises good governance will always have the backing of its citizens since they will always feel that the decisions that are made are in their best interest. However, good governance cannot only be left at the hands of the government. The people, as well as the private investors, have a role to play in the achieving of good governance. They should always support the government in its undertakings and also give their views on the implementation of certain projects. They should also speak out if they feel that something is going astray. Leaders should also enact laws that will favor good governance. If this is looked into, then countries will realize development, whether democracy is practiced or not.
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