The research paper focuses on the issue of domestic violence on children and the consequences it has on the future development of society. Many children experience violence, but perceive power as normal. One important feature of domestic violence is that it has a systemic basis, consists of successive incidents happening with the aim of gaining full power and control over a child. As a result, the abused child can get the psychological, social, economic, sexual or physical harm and damage. The paper focuses on the origin of domestic violence. The research provides an understanding of different types of domestic violence on children, such as psychological, physical and sexual abuse. The paper investigates the consequences of domestic violence on children and gives an explanation of the measures to be taken for prevention of such actions. The research paper provides an understanding of domestic violence and proves the significance of its influence on young generations.
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The urgency of studying the problem of psychological violence in the family is determined primarily by the fact that, according to modern scientific ideas about the nature of abuse, it is a universal life context of learning and education of all children. At the root of children's drug addiction and alcoholism, antisocial behavior and crime are problems of violence and ill-treatment with the child. Cruelty at home and neglect of children are now in the list of the most important public health problems, which cause a child injury and mortality, child antisocial behavior, mental disorders, personal and physical development. Domestic violence has long been a taboo area, and still, there is a real society resistance treatment for this problem. The research paper provides an understanding of domestic violence and proves the significance of its influence on young generations.
The Understanding of Domestic Violence and its Origins
It has always been that the safest place for children is the very own home and family. However, the facts put this statement into question. The problem of domestic violence is dangerous because it is applied irreparable harm to the psychological development, physical health, and self-identity. Domestic violence or the threat of it is repetitive actions of a violent nature, produced by one individual to others who are in close kinship with him. This problem is now regarded as quite widespread and acute standing social phenomenon. Seeing domestic violence may be different. These include the impact of economic, physical, psychological, or sexual orientation.
The main cause of child abuse is social in nature. The issue is especially true of physical and sexual forms of violence, which are often practiced in families where not made to reckon with the norms of ethics and morality. Under the category of "child abuse" is subject to any form of violence against the child by the parents or those whom their functions assigned by law (for example, parents or guardians, caregivers of children's homes, and so on.), as well as other older family members. At the same time, it does not have to be expressed in the use of corporal punishment - psychological violence is no less dangerous. According to the statistical data, more than 5 million children in the USA suffer from domestic violence every year. More than 40 million adults grew up living under psychological or physical abuse. Therefore, despite the considerable social and legal changes, violence against children is a leading cause of child injury and child mortality in many countries of the world, and it turns out to be one of the world's major problems.
Physical abuse can be recognized by the peculiarities of the appearance, nature of injuries, the peculiarities of the mental state and behavior of children. Physical violence is expressed in the beating, pinching, slaps, etc. Beatings can be applied both by hands and by using the items. This kind of violence is easiest to determine, since the victim may have bruises on the face, lips, torso, burns, fractures or sprains, cuts, and areas with no hair on his head. Sometimes it may happen that after physical abuse the traces does not remain, a track from the slaps, pinches, and easy strangulation passes quickly, and some impacts may not leave bruises, but internal organs may be affected Physical abuse also includes the involvement of the child in the use of drugs, alcohol, giving him poisonous substances or medications that cause narcotic like sleeping pills, which have not been prescribed by a physician, as well as attempts of suffocation or drowning a child. In some families, physical punishment is used as a form of disciplinary measures for kids. It is necessary to realize that physical violence is really a physical assault and torture. Therefore, it is usually accompanied by verbal abuse and mental trauma.
One of the forms of physical abuse is sexual abuse. It refers to harassment with sexual overtones, the involvement of a child in the commission of acts corresponding character, demonstration of genitals, or any works of pornographic content (pictures, books, films, videos, etc.). However, it is significant to understand that a child under the age of 16 has a total sexual integrity. Therefore, it agreed to participate in such activities does not mean the absence of them violent component. Due to the age and characteristics of the psyche, children and adolescents are not able to realize the inadmissibility of such behavior towards them and the degree of harm.
Psychological violence is quite common phenomena in society. Nevertheless, often, people living close to the victim of such behavior, and do not notice the actions of a violent nature. This is because the victims are ashamed to admit and complain to anyone. This form of violent action is the most common of all types of violence that occur in the family. Emotional abuse is constant or intermittent verbal abuse of the child, the humiliation of his dignity, his accusation that what he is not guilty, and the demonstration of dislike to the child. This violence is also a constant deception child (causing him to lose confidence in an adult) as well as requirements applicable to the child, which are not appropriate to age opportunities. Moreover, it expresses total control, preventing any contact with family and friends, and the imposition of views on the person with whom to be friends and where to meet friends. Physical abuse in the family of the child has a gender focus. Violence is seen as a manifestation of male or female dominance and aggression, acclaimed in the culture.
Psychological violence against children occurs in stable couples, which are considered prosperous and compliance. Children exposed to domestic Psychological violence are excessive patience, and a willingness to repeated forgiveness of the offender, as they are their parents. This patience is associated with a sense of fear, and the love of parents. Violence over the soul refers to a form of abuse, which is difficult to learn and absorb. It makes the child insecure, drives the depression and sadness, or makes an aggressive and able to counter-violence. Despite the apparent insignificance of the effects of emotional abuse compared with the physical, the result of the psychological impact is often the formation of a child's pathological and other negative character traits, the offset value system, which cause the occurrence of difficulties in socialization.
The Consequences of Domestic Violence on Children
The villainy of violence against children is that children are more in direct legal depending on the perpetrators of violence against them in action. Their torturers, as a rule, are parents who are legally required to represent and protect their rights and legitimate interests. Moreover, this protection corresponds not only with the law: a child perceives his parent as the defender and the one who helps to survive in the world because he is not able to survive alone. The child, who tested cruelty, gains a mark for life and leads to a wide variety of effects that are united by damage to the child's health or danger to his life. There are short- and long-term effects of child abuse. The short ones include physical injury, damage, and acute psychological reaction in response to any aggression, especially sexual. These reactions can occur in the form of excitement, the desire to run somewhere, or hide in a deep lethargy and indifference. Nevertheless, in both cases, the child is seized by fear, anxiety, and anger. Among the long-term effects, secrete a variety of diseases, personality and emotional disorders of physical and mental development, as well as severe social consequences. Consequently, the domestic violence causes the harm to the victim and community.
Tested in a child cruelty often leads to the fact that in the future children try to resolve their problems through violence or unlawful acts. The children who grow up under domestic abuse are 6 times more likely to commit suicide in future. According to studies, the boys abused by the fathers, turn out to be hot-tempered and exhibit aggressive characteristics, prone to cruelty to the weaker or younger age children. They can also be cruel to pet the birds. It is significant to note that boys who are witnesses of domestic violence, growing up, often become abusers in their own families than their peers from families in which there is no violence. As for the girls involved in a situation of domestic violence, they, on the contrary, passivity, and indecision, they lack the necessary skills and a sense of self-confidence. Nevertheless, the result is a dangerous social consequence, as a further reproduction of the cruel actions. Indirect confirmation may serve as an increase in the number of crimes committed by teenagers, are violent. Survivors of violence are often formed such personality and behavioral characteristics that make them unattractive to others owners. Moreover, more than half of them are likely to suffer drug abuse or alcoholism in future. Therefore, it is essential to prevent domestic violence at the early stages of its occurrence.
The Measures of Preventing Domestic Violence on Children
Any kind of child abuse leads to a variety of consequences, but they all share one thing - damage to the child's health or danger to his life. At present, the international community has recognized the problem of violence, ill-treatment, and neglect of children's needs as one of the acute and urgent problems of the modern world. The World Health Organization and the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect join forces for security professionals create an effective system of child protection from violence, abuse, and neglect. In the cases where there is the possibility of child abuse, the primary contact with the victim by a teacher or social representative should not make any hasty conclusions, but should take the following actions. First, in the absence of an immediate threat to life and safety of the child, should be immediately and carefully checked the accuracy of the assumptions. For this purpose should be holding a conversation with the child observing the appearance and behavior. Second, it is necessary to involve expert-psychologist, being prepared to ensure that the perpetrators of violence would not deny what happened. If the fact of ill-treatment was confirmed and the child appreciates the contact, the main objective in an interview with a victim of violence is to support the child. To get the result prerequisite ongoing conversation is keeping quiet so as not to frighten the child distrust or anger, especially if the abuser is a close relative or teacher. Only through long conversations and psychological help there would be a possibility to fight the consequences of domestic violence on children.
Violence has always inflicted irreparable harm to the child, which is manifested in a variety of diseases, disorders of his mental development, social maladjustment. Any type of violence generates in children and adolescents such personality and behavioral characteristics that make them unattractive and even dangerous for the society. Domestic violence against children leads to the fact that becoming adults, these children, who are constantly exposed to violence may be significantly affected by the increased risk of various problems associated with mental and physical health. Particularly to major issues such are the crimes of enforced actions, permanent depression, and the tendency to obesity. Moreover, it may cause improper sexual behavior, early unplanned pregnancy among girls, alcohol, and drug abuse.
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